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Installing the DNS Service on Windows Server 2003

This tutorial will walk you through installing the DNS service on Windows Server 2003. These instructions are perfect for a small home-based LAN with static IP addresses. Click on each thumbnail to enlarge that picture.

Walkthrough
1. Click Start button, Control Panel, Add/Remove Programs.

2. Click Add/Remove Windows Components button.

3. Highlight Networking Services, click Details button.

4. Place a checkmark on Domain Name System (DNS).

5. Click OK, click Next. Windows is now installing the DNS service. (Make sure CD is in CD-ROM).

6. Click Finish to close the wizard.

7. Close Add/Remove Programs, close Control Panel.

8. Click Start button, Administrative Tools, click DNS (this is the DNS management console).

9. Right-click your server name, and choose Configure a DNS Server...
(this opens the Configure a DNS Server Wizard).

10. Click Next, select Create forward and reverse lookup zones, click Next.

11. Select Yes, create a forward lookup zone now (recommended), click Next.

12. Select Primary zone, click Next.

13. Enter in the zone name, in my example I am using test.home, click Next.

14. Leave default zone file name, click Next.

15. Dynamic Updates are up to you, otherwise choose Do not allow dynamic updates, click Next.

16. Reverse Lookup Zone, select Yes, click Next.

17. Zone Type, select Primary zone, click Next.

18. Enter Network ID number, in my example it is 192.168.1, click Next.

19. Create a new file with this file name, leave as default, click Next.

20. Dynamic Updates up to you, otherwise choose Do not allow dynamic updates, click Next.

21. Select Yes, it should forward queries to DNS servers with the following IP addresses. I used 4.2.2.1 and 4.2.2.2 in my example, click Next.

22. Click Finish to complete the wizard.

23. Expand Forward Lookup Zones and click the domain name folder beneath, this will show the host records.

24. If you are using static IP's to your computers, add those records here. Right-click the domain name folder, select New Host.

25. Type in the name of the host and it's IP address, click Add Host.

26. Click OK.

27. Then click Done when finished. You will see the new host record in the main window on the right.

28. Configure your DNS server for your Windows Server 2003 machine the DNS of itself, click Start button, Control Panel, Network Connections, Local Area Connection.

29. Select Properties, highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties button.

30. Change the Preferred DNS server to it's own IP address. Click OK, Close, and Close.

31. Now go back to the DNS Management console, Start button, Administrative Tools, DNS. Expand Forward and Reverse Lookup Zones, expand those zones, and right-click on each zone and choose Properties. For security purposes, go to the Zone Transfer tab and do not allow zone transfers. Make sure you do this to both zones, everything else is fine at default.

32. Now your DNS service is fully up and running and secure. Be sure to change the DNS server IP address on each PC in your LAN to point towards the IP of your PC running the DNS service.


Conclusion
Like I said earlier, this walkthrough is perfect for a small home-based LAN. This will speed up your domain name searches and can be managed easily as well. You CAN allow TCP port 53 open on your router so others outside your network can use your DNS service, but I would not advise it. If there is no port forwarding allowed on TCP port 53 on your router, then all DNS traffic is local and for you LAN only. Now when you surf sites that you go to often, the IP address can be accessed faster from the DNS database as compared to going to a public DNS server outside your network every time to resolve domain names.

Copyright 2005 djdingo All Rig

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